Merdeka Belajar: Sebuah Kebebasan dan Otonomi bagi Mahasiswa Teknik Geologi untuk Belajar di Luar Program Studi
Bab dalam buku ini membahas tentang penerapan program merdeka belajar yang dapat dilaksanakan oleh mahasiswa Teknik Geologi di luar program studi.
Manyoe, I.N. (2021). Merdeka Belajar: Sebuah Kebebasan dan Otonomi bagi Mahasiswa Teknik Geologi untuk Belajar di Luar Program Studi dalam Merdeka Belajar, Rahmat, A. (Eds) (Zahir Publishing, Yogyakarta).
Geothermal is a renewable energy resource that is being actively developed in all regions of the world. Geothermal can be used and developed in various fields. Geothermal can be developed to fulfill a country's source of electrical energy. In other fields, geothermal can be developed in agriculture, tourism and health. Unlike other energy sources such as coal, oil, and natural gas, geothermal have many advantages. Compared to coal, oil, and natural gas, geothermal have the lowest production of CO2 emissions. In fact, binary geothermal power plants produce absolutely no CO2 emissions (Armannsson, 2003; Blodgett and Slack, 2009; Rybach, 2010). The use of geothermal as a source of electrical energy can replace the role of fossil energy, which produces more CO2 emissions. Geothermal is generally formed because of the geothermal fluid and heat sources. Geothermal fluid is water, which can always be available through a hydrological process. The heat source is at the subsurface. The heat source heats groundwater through a convection process. The heat transfer process in the subsurface occurs by conduction and convection (Glassley, 2014). Geothermal is a non-transferable source of energy such as coal, oil and natural gas. After the exploitation stage, fossil energy sources such as coal, oil and natural gas can be exported to other countries. Therefore, the domestic consumption may not be fulfilled in the producting country. In contrast to geothermal, which is a source of energy that cannot be transferred to other countries. Domestic consumption in the form of electricity and all the benefits that can be obtained through geothermal is only enjoyed by the country or production area. Geothermal is not only positive for environmental sustainability, but also has implications for improving the country's economy and the welfare of local communities. This paper will discuss entrepreneurship that developments in the geothermal tourism area in Gorontalo before the pandemic era. In addition, this paper will discuss the development of geothermal entrepreneurship during a pandemic era.
Manyoe, I. N., Napu, S. S. S., & Choanji, T. (2021). The Entrepreneurship Development in Geothermal Tourism Area: Before and During Pandemic Era dalam The Art of Entrepreneurs to Survive During Pandemic COVID-19, Pinem, R.J. & Rahmat, A. (Eds) (Novateur Publication, India).
Geothermal is a source of heat originating from within the earth. Geothermal energy is a flexible energy resource that can be used for purposes in many conditions (Glassley, 2010). Geothermal energy can be utilized, directly or indirectly. Direct use such as for heating, tourism, health, fisheries and agriculture. Utilization indirectly is for the power plant (Manyoe, 2019). Indonesia's geothermal potential is one of the largest in the world. Indonesia's large geothermal potential is indicated by the concentration of high temperature geothermal resources. Indonesia's geothermal energy potential is estimated at 28,617 MW. Indonesia's geothermal energy potential is around 40% of the world's geothermal potential (Bina et al, 2018). Indonesia is committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 29% by 2030. One of the efforts is to accelerate the development of renewable energy (Direktorat Panas Bumi, 2017). Geothermal utilization in Indonesia is carried out directly or indirectly. Geothermal utilization or geothermal development in Indonesia is supported by exploration studies and further research. Exploratory research is carried out by means of a geological survey (Manyoe and Bahutalaa, 2017; Tolodo et al., 2019), geophysics survey (Manyoe, 2016; Manyoe et al., 2018, 2015a, 2015b; Manyoe and Hutagalung, 2020), and geochemistry survey (Suleman and Angsari, 2005). Geothermal, besides having the potential that can be developed for direct and indirect use, has other potentials contained in it, namely disasters. This shows that there is a need for efforts to increase community knowledge regarding potential geothermal resources and potential disasters in geothermal areas.
Manyoe, I. N. (2021). Increasing Community Knowledge of Geothermal Potential and Development dalam Community Service in The Midst of the COVID-19, Rahmat A. & Manurung, R.T. (Eds) (Novateur Publication, India).
Remote Sensing Analysis of Lineaments using Multidirectional Shaded Relief from Digital Elevation Model (DEM) in Olele Area, Gorontalo
The Gorontalo fault zone is an active fault that crosses Gorontalo Province with a movement of about 11 mm/year. The existence of this fault zone affects the morphological lineaments and offsets along its path and increases the potential of geological disaster hazards. The Olele area is located in the Gorontalo fault zone that makes it potential to landslide disaster. This study aims to analyze the lineaments of the Olele area and its surroundings. The results of this analysis will help to determine the geological structures distribution pattern that develops in the study area and its impact on the mitigation of landslide disasters in the study area. This study uses a spatial analysis method using Digital Elevation Model (DEM) image to analyze slope and lineaments data in the study area. The results of the analysis will be correlated with regional geological structures and give recommendations for geological disaster mitigation that can be implemented. The results showed that the slope class in the study area was dominated by the range of 16-35° and even in several places with a slope of 35-55°. The results of the extraction and processing of lineaments data get 203 data. The lineaments direction is relatively NNW - SSE. This direction indicates that mostly the morphologies are influenced by the existence of the Gorontalo fault zone. The existence of the Gorontalo fault zone makes this area prone to landslide disasters in the case of Gorontalo fault movement. Some prevention recommendations are to increase the slope stability level.
Abduh, A. G., Usman, F. C. A., Tampoy, W. M., & Manyoe, I. N. (2021, February). Remote Sensing Analysis of Lineaments using Multidirectional Shaded Relief from Digital Elevation Model (DEM) in Olele Area, Gorontalo. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1783, No. 1, p. 012095). IOP Publishing.
Education is a socially regulated process and is a transfer of experience that occurscontinuously from generation to generation (Nazlev, 2017). Learning is a reflective activity thatallows students to take advantage of previous experiences to understand and evaluate currentconditions so that they can shape future actions and formulate new knowledge (Watkins, 2002).National education has the aim of developing capabilities and shaping the dignifiedcharacter of the nation's civilization in order to educate the nation's life (UU Sisdiknas Tahun 2003).This goal means that the success of education in Indonesia can be assessed from the learningoutcomes that produce skills, character, intelligence in students. The education and learning processmust have an orderly system and curriculum so that this goal can be achieved.Each field of science has a learning system to achieve curriculum goals, according to the levelof education. In earth science and technology education, such as geology, education and learning notonly by delivering material in the classroom, but also needing a learning process such as laboratoryand field practicum. Learning can be done with several media such as props, pictures, mock-ups, andtechnology applications. The learning media are a physical means of delivering learning material (Briggs, 1977) or as information that can be used for educational purposes (Schramm, 1977). Culture, technology, and the economy affect a country's education system (Naziev, 2017). Geology education and learning entering the digital era have also been influenced by the presence ofmobile learning-based technology applications
Manyoe, I.N., Napu, S.S.S., Suma, M.D., Biya, N.S.F. & Taslim, I. (2021). Education and Learning Geology: Mobile Learning System for Geological Data Collection dalam The Field in Research on Cyber Pedagogy in The Covid 19, Rahmat A. & Choube, P.R. (Eds) (Novateur Publication, India).